The African Freedmen of San Miguel de Gualdape: Mapping the Chicora Lowcountry Foundations of African American History and Culture, 1520–1526

This essay, examines the place of the one hundred enslaved Africans in the lost colony of San Miguel de Gualdape (1526) as the earliest recorded event in African American history. This essay offers sixteenth-century Lowcountry history as a constructive context for understanding the importation of Africans in 1619 to Jamestown, Virginia. As such, the present work questions 1619 as the beginning point of African American history and examines critical questions of African cultural continuity, engagement with Lowcountry Native Americans, and resistance to enslavement by the forbearers of the Gullah-Geechee people of the Southeastern region of the United States.

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